Category Archives: Technology and Science

Glass Fiber Plays An Essential Role In Science And Industry.

Glass Fiber Plays An Essential Role In Science And Industry.

Glass Fiber Optics

A glass is an non-crystalline solid material. Glass plays an essential role in science and industry. The optical and physical properties of glass make it suitable for applications such as flat glass, container glass, optics and optoelectronics material, laboratory equipment, thermal insulator (glass wool), reinforcement fiber (glass-reinforced plastic, glass fiber reinforced concrete), and art. Glasses are typically brittle, and often optically transparent. Glass is commonly used for windows, bottles, or eyewear and examples of glassy materials include soda-lime glass, borosilicate glass, acrylic glass, sugar glass, Muscovy-glass, or aluminium oxynitride.

Strictly speaking, a glass is defined as an inorganic product of fusion which has been cooled through its glass transition to the solid state without crystallizing. Many glasses contain silica as their main component and glass former. Commonly, glass science and physics deal only with inorganic amorphous solids, while plastics and similar organics are covered by polymer science, biology and further scientific disciplines.

Glass fibre : glass fibres thread made from glass. It is made by forcing molten glass through a kind of sieve, thereby spinning it into threads. Glass fibres is strong, durable, and impervious to many caustics and to extreme temperatures. For those qualities, fabrics woven from the glass threads are widely used for industrial purposes. Glass fibres fabrics can also be made to resemble silks and cotton and are used for curtains and drapery. A wide variety of materials are made by combining glass fibres with plastic.

Glass ingredients

Pure silica (SiO2) has a “glass melting point” at a viscosity of 10 Pascal Second (100 P) of over 2300 C(4200 F). While pure silica can be made into glass for special applications (see fused quartz), other substances are added to common glass to simplify processing. One is sodium carbonate (Na2CO3), which lowers the melting point to about 1500 C (2700 F) in soda-lime glass; “soda” refers to the original source of sodium carbonate in the soda ash obtained from certain plants. However, the soda makes the glass water soluble, which is usually undesirable, so lime (calcium oxide (CaO), generally obtained from limestone), some magnesium oxide (MgO) and aluminium oxide (Al2O3) are added to provide for a better chemical durability. The resulting glass contains about 70 to 74% silica by weight and is called a soda-lime glass. Soda-lime glasses account for about 90% of manufactured glass.

Two other common glass ingredients are calumite (an iron industry by-product) and “cullet” (recycled glass). The recycled glass saves on raw materials and energy. However, impurities in the cullet can lead to product and equipment failure.

Glassmaking in the laboratory

New chemical glass compositions or new treatment techniques can be initially investigated in small-scale laboratory experiments. The raw materials for laboratory-scale glass melts are often different from those used in mass production because the cost factor has a low priority. In the laboratory mostly pure chemicals are used. Care must be taken that the raw materials have not reacted with moisture or other chemicals in the environment.

Blue Northern Energy Acquires Quicksilver Biodiesel Technology

Blue Northern Energy Acquires Quicksilver Biodiesel Technology

Blue Northern Energy is revitalizing the biodiesel industry. BNEs mission is to create a sustainable and profitable biofuel production industry throughout the United States. BNE combines the latest technology advances, refining processes and innovative minds to develop sustainable and profitable biodiesel production facilities. BNE provides guidance and solutions to businesses and communities in their endeavors to develop new biodiesel production facilities or retrofitting existing facilities to make them sustainable and profitable. Through its work and expertise BNE, distinguishes itself as the leader in the renewable energy field.

Blue Northern Energy (BNE) has acquired a unique technology for producing biodiesel fuel. The Quicksilver Biodiesel Technology (QSB) is a continuous biodiesel production process by the trans-esterification of vegetable oils. Multiple feedstocks may be used, allowing the lowest cost feedstocks to be used. The ability to modify the process continuously, as the feedstocks change by modulating the other reactants to the process rather than changing batch recipes, makes it a highly flexible and more efficient process. The process also allows a reduction in capital cost of up to 40% and a reduction in operating cost through lower energy cost of up to 30%. These benefits of the technology have been confirmed through a 3rd party assessment completed by the Center for Process Innovation.

The QSB technology has been extensively tested at the pilot plant in Budapest, Hungary. Feedstocks from Europe as well as the USA have been demonstrated, both individually as well as blends.

Developing and improving the technology is a high priority for BNE, and fundamental to our global expansion plans. In order to support this, BNE will be establishing a new Innovation Center located next to the first biodiesel plant in Newton, Illinois. The center will have the capability to demonstrate future feedstock processing and perform extensive fuel quality measurements for BNE plants and experimental samples.

It is the administrator of the BN National Trail facility from conceptualization, development, construction to management. This facility exemplifies the revolutionary technology of BNE and production process that utilized multiple crops, edible and non-edible, for sustainable, high quality and profitable biodiesel production.

BNEs staff will increase to support this technology program. A senior chemical process expert will be brought on board to perform mass and energy balance calculations and design the chemical process for advanced feedstocks. Also, a technical engineering manager will be brought on to manage the creation of the high level design documents for future plants

BNEs goal through sharing new technology, management and finance procedures is that BNE will empower communities to establish new biofuel production facilities and for existing facilities to be retrofitted with new technology to become more profitable and efficient.

Best Animation Degrees in IndiaMotion Capture Technology Courses & 3D Courses

Best Animation Degrees in IndiaMotion Capture Technology Courses & 3D Courses

The Indian animation industry has witnessed a major boom in the last, five years and this fact is further proved by the ever-increasing number of . In fact, many places in India have emerged as the hub of the animation outsourcing industry and animation multimedia courses. For instances, the top animation institutes of Delhi are counted among the best animation training locations across India. The increasing requirement of animation artists in India is understandable since the animation industry has now entered nearly every media sector across the world. Animation artists passing from the top 3d animation institutes of India can find work in gaming industry apart from the film, video and console developing firms. This is also why advanced animation courses in India like motion capture animation are gaining popularity. This is where animators emerging from multimedia training centres in India are required to create instant backgrounds and edit action sequences.

Emerging Animation Courses in India-Motion Capture Animation Courses/b>

Motion Capture Technology originated a long time back but today, it has made a comeback in the form of new and emerging movie making technologies wherein motion capture technologies are used for creating animated images and establishing new backgrounds. is actually an advanced animation technology that is taught only by the best of animation multimedia institutes of India. Motion Capture Technology refers to the art of using sensors to moving or objects. This technology is also used in sports coaching and by physical therapists apart from other types of health care settings.

Learning Motion Capture Technology is not difficult particularly for 3d animation students emerging from the best animation colleges of India. Today, such progressive animators are using Motion Capture Technology for mapping the physical movements of humans and animals so that their 3D impressions can be created that is further used for films and computer gaming interfaces. Using such Motion Capture Technologies, 3d animation students don’t need to input every bit of action or gesture for creating the animation frame. Usually, students who have done 3d animation training find it easy to capture the required for creating live actor feeds and rendering the animation images and further adding textures.

is usually offered by animation institutes that offer other advanced animation courses like 3d studio max course. This technology helps students to use active and passive markers that are needed for creating real life like subjects. The Passive markers used in such advanced animation technologies are used for highlighting the black shades in the camera-created images that are further used for mapping the movement in space. Active markers consist of light-emitting diodes that are used for highlighting character movement in defined spaces and for imagery effects.

Computer Science And Information Technology – The Two Emerging Branches Of Engineering

Computer Science And Information Technology – The Two Emerging Branches Of Engineering

In the new millennium, computers have assumed as strategic importance in this corporate world. Today there is a great demand of highly qualified IT professionals. The responsibility of an IT professional is to involve in data management, computer hardware, database and software design, management and administration of the entire system and much more. In Bachelors in computers, there are two branches of engineering i.e. Computer science and Information Technology. In computer science, we study the principles of engineering that involve in the design, engineering, development, integration and testing of a computer system at almost all levels. This branch of engineering also involves applied areas of Maths and science, electrical and electronics theory, materials engineering and programming fundamentals. On the other hand, in Information technology, we study the usage of computers and similar devices like electronic and communications for processing and distributing information by many different means. Here, we are trying to provide you some information about these engineering branches that may help you in selecting the right branch for you.

B.Tech (Computer Science) is basically a study of computers where we learn about hardware and operating systems like multitasking kernels, data buses, registers, address buses etc. On the other hand, Information technology involves in information manipulation and the business requirements.
B.Tech (computer science) concerns with the principles and concepts that are essential for the growth of IT and it is an academic study of software and hardware concepts. In B.Tech (information technology), some specific purposes may have to be studied.
With computer science, we can better understand how to solve the computer problems and information technology is the study of technology which drives information systems for business.
Computer science actually tells what is a computer and how it works whereas information technology is what and how can I do with computers?
Sharda Group of Institutions also provides B.Tech (computer science) and B.Tech (Information Technology) programs. At this institute, B.Tech (Computer science/Information Technology) 2009 admission has been started. The eligibility criteria for this program is class 12 with minimum 50% marks. The selection of a candidate will be based on Online exam (SURE)/Sharda Scholarship Carnival . The SGI Institute believes in delivering high quality education with the help of its accomplished teaching staff.

Ideas For Quick Science Fair Projects

Ideas For Quick Science Fair Projects

Quick Science Fair Projects

Students in high school participate in science fairs in order to demonstrate their advanced understanding of a biological or physical sciences concept. These students are required to present a project that indicates higher order thinking and analysis. The standards for evaluating projects for these grade levels can be quite high and the competition can be fierce. The events for young students are based on different principles. Often younger students in the earlier grades participate in quick science fair projects. These quick science fair projects are not based on the level of knowledge or application principles of the high school students projects. The quick science fair projects in the earlier grades are based more on demonstrating an understanding of the facts related to a particular topic of science.

Quick science fair projects for the younger students are often completed in a matter of days, where the high school age students can spend weeks or even months on their projects. The quick science fair projects designed for younger students are tailored for the learning styles and abilities of this age of student. Thinking abstractly is not skills that younger students have developed so quick science fair projects are perfectly suited for their abilities. The characteristics of quick science fair projects include the use of every day items that can be found easily in the home or classroom. The teacher will often provide the necessary materials so that these younger students can experience the successful completion of their quick science fair projects.

While there are processes and the need to record data while completing quick science fair projects, the steps involved will be clearly explained to the students. For the earlier grades it is more important to carefully instruct them throughout the process of completing their projects. Older students can generate some of their own questions and testable theories, but younger students fare better with a set list of materials and how to use those materials to achieve the results. When deciding which quick science fair projects to use in the classroom it is important for these reasons to choose projects that are age appropriate. This way you ensure that the experience of bringing science to life is rewarding and enjoyable for your students.

Simple Guide to Islam’s Contribution to Science

Simple Guide to Islam’s Contribution to Science

Islam and Science is a collection of Islamic books written by Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, Edward G. Browne and M.A.Karim.The titles in this series are God Arises, Islamic Medicine, Religion and Science and Simple Guide to Islam’s Contribution to Science.

The evidence of God in nature and science is discussed in God Arises. This book is the result of thirty years in exhaustive research, attempts to present the basic teachings of religion in the light of modern knowledge and in a manner consistent with modern scientific method. After a thorough investigation of the subject the writer has reached the conclusion that religious teachings are academically valid and are understandable and intellectually acceptable as much as any of the theories propounded by men of science. This book deals with issues such as the challenge of modern knowledge, the method of argument, nature and science speak about God, argument for the life hereafter, affirmation of prophethood, challenge of the Quran, religion and society and the life that we seek. There is an explanation in simple language of how 20th century research has on academic grounds totally demolished the atheistic claims put forward in the 18th and 19th centuries. The title of the book was inspired by a verse of the Bible. Islamic Medicine is an Islamic book that indicates the part played by scholars and physicians, especially of Persia in the transmission of medical science through the dark ages from the decline of the ancient to the rise of modern learning and to suggest to lovers of Persian and Arabic literature that they have allowed poets and euphuists to take up a disproportionate portion of their time.

This Islamic book deals with such concepts as the meaning of the term -Arabic Medicine’ to periods of Arabian and Islamic history, transmission of Greek learning, Syrian and Persian contributions, evolution of scientific terminology in Arabic, Arabian popular medicine, practice of medicine in the time of the Crusades, Persian medical works, introduction of European medicine into Muslim lands, outlines of Muslim cosmogony etc. Religion and Science is a book that deals with two kinds of knowledge, knowledge of things and knowledge of truth. In the case of truths unlike for things only indirect argument can throw light upon them. In the case of scientific truths the validity of indirect or inferential argument is a matter of general acceptance. Religious truths are also governed by inferential arguments and hence are deemed to fall into the same category as scientific truths. A Simple Guide to Islam’s Contribution to Science and Civilization discusses how Islam furthered the cause of science, Muslims and the foundation of physical science, western civilization as the offspring of Arab civilization in Spain and the intellectual achievements of early Muslims.

Goodword Islamic Books has published a collection of Islam Books . For more information about other Islamic Books please visit Islamic Bookstore.

Popularity of Top Science Fiction Books In the World

Popularity of Top Science Fiction Books In the World

Books are believed to be a source of inspiration that makes one well informed and provide experience. The world of books takes its reader to an exciting destination where readers can identify themselves with the character. In the market there are various types of books accessible across the globe and among them fiction books are well liked. The fictional books are the books where author writes a story based on fictional events and characters, which are not true, and simply it is the imagination of the writer. Fiction books are based on fictional stories where creativity or imagination may take its reader to a whole new world of adventure, mystery, or fairy world that gives wonderful reading experience for readers of all age and interest.

The fiction books can be classified into comic, fantasy novels, romance novels, thrillers, science fiction, classic fiction, horror etc. The science fiction books are based on science and give excitement and keep the readers involved. Some of the Top science fiction books include, The Lensman Series by E E -Doc- Smith, 001 – A Space Odyssey Arthur C Clarke, Slaughterhouse-Five by Kurt Vonnegut, The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams, Dune Frank Herbert etc. These science fiction books are hugely popular among those who prefers scientific thinking more than fictional books that is based on romance or comic element. These books keep the interest of the reader alive and give readers an exciting experience. It also gives challenge to their rational mind by keeping them occupied and entertained. The books based on science fiction are easily obtainable almost everywhere. These books are innovative and excel in scientific temperament.

On the other side, it has been observed that historical fiction also based on creativity and imagination. These books are written in the manner of context so that readers, knows about the story that take place in history. The story is planned in a manner so that it appears like actual events and fictional people are either living or participating in that time of period. However, in some of this fiction, events that are presented in the story are not recorded in history.

It has been noticed that people are carrying lots of books while travelling and romantic novel is one of them. Romance novels are primarily focused on relationship between two people and the way, they convey their emotion. The climax appears always at the time when they have to work on their relationship. These novels offer readers with great delight and are enthusiastic to journey along the characters in the fantastic, imaginary romantic world.

Some Parents Actually Think That Teaching Reading Is Rocket Science But It Isnt

Some Parents Actually Think That Teaching Reading Is Rocket Science But It Isnt

Teaching reading takes time not rocket science, and the more time you put in the faster your kids will learn. Really there is no fast easy way to teach reading but you dont need to be a rocket scientist to teach your kids to read.

I suppose some teachers and schools would say that teaching reading is rocket science. But that would be to keep your children in the mainstream school system, especially if you are thinking of homeschooling.

If you take the phonics approach to teaching reading you might think phonics are rocket science but after you look into phonics you find out how easy they are. I prefer the Montessori approach to teaching phonics because she uses sandpaper letters. Now sandpaper letters actually help to implant the words and phonic sounds in your childs mind while she is just tracing the sandpaper letter.

You might think phonics are confusing but they are really quite simple because we say them every time we speak. Phonics are just a visual representation of the spoken word. And once your child can match the sound with the letters then she is well on the way on the road to reading fluently.

The problem with phonics is after learning phonics your child can read anything but she might not understand what she is reading. So you have to be there to explain some new words and sentences. It is also a good idea to ask your child to explain to you what she is reading and then you will know if she understands what she is reading. So teaching reading is not rocket science it just takes time

Salesmanship Is it a Art or Science

Salesmanship Is it a Art or Science

Selling is one of the most important marketing activities in most organizations. The scope for selling has increased substantially during the past few decades due to growth in the industry. Persuasive selling skills are being used not only by organizations whose objective is to earn profit but also by non-profit organizations because of this varied nature selling has developed into a specialized area of management.

Before we get into the discussion that Salesmanship is an art or science, first important thing that who is a salesperson? The most suitable answer to this question is everyone is salesperson. We are always presenting our ideas, our opinions or ourselves in every conversation that we have. If we are presenting our feelings, it is usually done in such a way as to solicit a desired response (e.g., happiness, empathy, sadness, compassion, etc.). We have been doing this all of our lives, and it is a natural part of our daily routine. Once this is understood, the thought of having to sell something to someone should be a little less frightening.

The Art of Salesmanship

As Art is a science applied, it involves actual doing. It is the practical application of knowledge or natural ability. One might have a broad knowledge of the science of medicine and possess, or develop, but indifferent ability in applying it. It may be said, speaking generally, that knowledge of a science is gained by study; proficiency in an art by practice.

A knowledge of selling principles alone is not sufficient. Actual practice in their application is necessary. But a knowledge of principles will enable one to get his selling ability into action more quickly and make of him a better salesman than he otherwise could hope to be. The art of salesmanship may be defined as the ability to apply fundamental selling principles to the circumstances of the individual selling situation.

The Science of Salesmanship

Selling is definitely an Art. But Art is an applied Science. It is the practical application of knowledge or natural ability. It is possible to make a study of the sales process and the experience and methods of successful salesmen. Because of the many unmeasurable human elements involved, it will always remain, to some degree, an inexact science.

Therefore, the term Salesmanship includes both a knowledge of fundamental selling principles and the ability to apply them in the actual making of sales. It comprehends both the science and the art.